What is the difference between nitrile and latex gloves?

In this blog, we’ll explore what is the difference between nitrile and latex gloves. Disposable gloves are usually crafted from considered one of three materials: nitrile, latex, or vinyl.


What is the difference between nitrile and latex gloves?

There is lots of confusion about which disposable gloves are the best. Disposable gloves are a critical object in any healthcare environment. They no longer handiest shield healthcare companies and sufferers from exposure to potentially dangerous microbes, in addition they assist set a precedent of hygiene and care across the industry. At the same time as this shouldn’t come as a surprise, what you might not have found out is that disposable gloves aren’t all created identical.


Exclusive substances and layout selections make certain merchandise better desirable for distinctive medical environments. And if you order the incorrect form of glove in your practice, you may turn out to be losing assets and increasing the danger of punctures, rips, and tears. Disposable gloves are one of the most broadly used personal protective equipment (PPE) in medical, meals carrier, chemical, primary-care and elderly care, existence technological know-how and industrial industries.

There are numerous matters to keep in mind while deciding on a glove which includes satisfactory safety, and allergies. The three primary substances when searching for disposable gloves are: Latex, Nitrile and Vinyl. Right here we give an explanation for the variations among  nitrile and vinyl gloves and the advantages and drawbacks of each.


What’s Nitrile?

Nitrile is a synthetic rubber compound that is commonly used as a disposable glove cloth.  Nitrile has been around for some time, however only recently it’s come to be greater inexpensive, which explains why it’s gaining recognition in the course of clinical, meals and cleansing industries. Nitrile has a higher puncture resistance than every other glove fabric. Nitrile additionally has a better chemical resistance than Latex or Vinyl gloves.

Nitrile gloves came to prominence within the 1990s as a leading latex opportunity. They’re no longer as elastic or flexible as their latex counterparts, disposable nitrile gloves are significantly more durable and proof against chemical compounds. As such, these gloves are the appropriate desire for everyone who has to address probably risky and corrosive chemical compounds. they’re additionally ideally suited for maximum clinical environments, being fantastically puncture-resistant and putting off the danger of latex hypersensitivity reactions.


What are nitrile gloves made from?

Nitrile gloves are made from inorganic synthetic materials derived from petroleum. Nitrile is the plain desire for plenty; tattoo artists love black gloves, hobbyists and surgeons like its precision. Because of covid, many tattoo artists even donated their nitrile gloves to vital employees and medical facilities. 

Nitrile is a person-made rubber crafted from a synthetic polymer made from a copolymer of acrylonitrile and butadiene (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2020). Past nitrile gloves were very stiff but today exhibit natural rubber-like characteristics to offer exceptional flexibility and sensitivity of in shape. Nitrile gloves additionally provide comparable levels of tensile energy and durability, and are to be had in many colors.

They offer smooth and early identity of punctures and tears to the wearer when a breach occurs, ensuring they work well in high threat situations involving infectious substances. Furthermore, nitrile is proof against many chemicals, specially petroleum-primarily based products, making it a powerful fabric for safeguarding when managing risky substances.



  • Latex free
  • outstanding puncture resistance
  • can be worn for longer periods of time
  • works well for high risk conditions concerning infectious substances
  • excessive chemical resistance
  • A better level of durability and tactility
  • fine to wear an prolonged amount of time



  • The synthetic nitrile rubber polymer is likewise now not as cheap to supply as vinyl or latex.


What is Latex?

Latex comes at once from rubber timber. Latex gloves are the most usually used disposable gloves because they have been the most effective robust disposable glove cloth alternative on the market. However, many hospitals and clinics have begun replacing their latex gloves with nitrile gloves.

For decades, latex has been the rock star of the medical disposable glove international. For those who aren’t allergic, latex gloves are comfortable, enormously value powerful, and offer a high touch sensitivity.

With excessive ranges of flexibleness, safety, and luxury, disposable latex gloves are appropriate for maximum clinical environments  so long as latex allergies aren’t an issue. Latex is made of organic tree sap making it a hundred percent natural cloth. 

 Due to the fact latex is herbal and comes from a tree, a few humans are allergic to it. However, hypersensitive reactions are normally mild and may be prevented effortlessly; pick special glove materials! And, studies showed that really using powder loose gloves can mitigate allergies.

Latex or herbal rubber (NRL) is the substance obtained from the sap of the Hevea Brasiliense tree . All through production, chemical compounds are delivered to render latex elastic and strong to warmth by using vulcanisation (i.e. heating inside the presence of sulphur).

Similarly chemical substances, usually referred to as chemical accelerators, are added for power and durability, along with mercaptobenzothiazole, thiurams and carbamates. occasionally a dry powder lubricant (typically corn-starch), is introduced to the floor of the latex to prevent the rubber surfaces from sticking together.

Its tender and stretchy properties make it a really perfect fabric to offer a proper becoming to any palm form and size. NRL gives a degree of resistance to ripping and has shown to self-seal small punctures. In addition they boast sturdy elastic residences, supplying reliable performance and barrier protection against infection and infection.


What’s a Latex allergic reaction?

 A latex allergic reaction is a reaction to sure proteins in latex rubber. The quantity of latex publicity had to produce sensitization or an hypersensitive reaction is presently unknown. However, increasing the publicity to latex proteins increases the threat of growing allergic signs and symptoms.


In sensitized people, symptoms normally begin inside mins of publicity however can occur hours later and range in severity. Mild reactions contain skin redness, rash, hives, or itching, even as extra intense reactions may additionally involve respiratory signs which include a runny nostril, sneezing, itchy eyes, scratchy throat, and allergies (difficult breathing, coughing spells, and wheezing). rarely, shock can also arise but, a lifestyle-threatening response is seldom the first signal of latex hypersensitive reaction.

When allergies can occur from latex proteins as well as chemical accelerators, they do not arise with corn starch itself. However,  latex proteins can leach from the glove and persist with the corn-starch causing debris to turn out to be airborne while gloves are modified, and spread latex into the local surroundings. Therefore, the meals and Drug administration (FDA) has banned the use and sale of powdered disposable gloves in the US (FDA, 2017).



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